"... no one by birth could have a right to set up his own family in perpetual preference to all others for ever ..."
It [government by kings] was the most prosperous invention the Devil ever set on foot for the promotion of idolatry.
Power founded on contract, can descend only to him, who has right by that contract: power founded on begetting, he only can have that begets: and power founded on the positive grant or donation of God, he only have have by right of succession, to whom that grant directs it.
If God by his positive grant and revealed declaration, firsst gave rule and dominion to any man, he that will claim by that title, must have the same posistive grant of God for his succession. For if that has not directed the course of its descent and conveyance down to others, no body can succeed to this titel fo the first ruler; children have no riht of inheritance to this; and primogeniture can lay no claim to it, unless God the Author of this constitution has so ordained it. Thus we see the pretensions of Saul's family, who received his crown from teh immediate appointement of God, ended with his reign; and Davied by the same title that Saul reigned, viz. God's appointment, succeeded in his throne, to the exclusion of Jonathan, and all pretensions of paternal inheritance. And if Solomon had a right to succeed his father, it must be by some other title, then that of primogeniture.
But yet, if after all, any one will needs have it so, that by this Donation of God, Adam was made sole Proprietor of the whole Earth, what will this be to his Soveraignty? And how will it appear, that Property in Land gives a Man Power over the Life of another? Or how will the Possession even of the whole Earth, give any one a Soveraign Arbitray Authority over the Persons of Men? The most specious thing to be said, is, that he that is Proprietor of the whole World, may deny all the rest of Mankind Food, and so at his pleasure starve them, if they will not acknowledge his Soveraignty, and Obey his Will. If this were true, it would be a good Argument to Prove, that there was never any such Property, that God never gave any such Private Dominion; since it is more reasonable to think, that God who bid Mankind increase and multiply, should rather himself give thema all a Right, to make use of the Food and Rayment, and other Conveniences of Life, the Materials whereof he' had so plentifully provided for theml than to make them depend upon the Will of a Man for their Subsistence, who should have Power to destroy them all when he pleased, and who being no better than other Men, was in Succession likelier by want and the depnedance of a scanty Fortune, to tye them to hard Service, than by liberal Allowance of the Conveniencies of Life, to promore teh great Design of God, Increase and Multiply: He that doubts this, let him look into the Absolute Monarchies of the World, and see what becomes of the Conveniencies of Life, and the Multitudes of People.
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